Colonel Clarence E. "Bud" Anderson is a World War II triple ace with 16 1/4 air victories over Europe. Anderson was born in Oakland, California, and learned to fly in the Civilian Pilot Training Program, receiving his private license in 1941. Shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, he volunteered for aviation cadet training. He received his wings and was commissioned a second lieutenant on 29 September 1942. Originally assigned to the 328th Fighter Group, Anderson later transferred to the 363d Fighter Squadron, 357th Fighter Group, flying the P-39 Airacobra. In November 1943, the 363d was assigned to Leiston, England, and became the first Eighth Air Force unit to receive the P-51 Mustang.
Anderson's first victory came on 8 March 1944 when he destroyed an Me-109 while escorting Allied bombers on a raid to Berlin. A month later he scored a second victory in nearly the same location--again downing an Me-109. He became an ace on 12 May 1944 when he bagged an Me-109 near Frankfurt, Germany, while on an escort mission to Czechoslovakia. Two weeks later, Anderson scored a double victory against Me-109s while his fighter group destroyed 23 enemy aircraft in 1 day. Later, in June 1944, he scored a triple victory against Fw-190s. Anderson completed his first combat tour in July 1944 with 12 1/4 victories to his credit.
After a brief rest in the United States, he returned to Europe for a second tour in October 1944 and went on to become the leading ace of the 363d Fighter Squadron with 16 1/4 air victories. After the war, Anderson returned to Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio, where he became a test pilot. He flew over 90 different types of aircraft, testing many of the innovations that have become standard equipment on today's tactical aircraft. Eventually, he became the Chief of Test Operations and the Deputy Director of Flight Test at Edwards AFB, California. In 1970, he assumed command of the 355th Tactical Fighter Wing at Takhli AB, Thailand, where he flew the F-105 Thunderchief in bombing strikes against communist supply lines. During 30 years of distinguished military service, Anderson logged over 6,700 hours of flying time. Following military retirement in 1972, he joined the McDonnell Douglas Corporation at Edwards AFB and continued to work in test and evaluation.
On 27 May 1944, Anderson was escorting bombers to Ludwigshafen and Mannheim, Germany. His group spotted a large number of enemy fighters about to attack the bomber formation. They dropped their tanks and turned sharply to engage the enemy fighters. Immediately, four Me-109s were spotted diving on their formation from five o'clock high. A sharp turn thwarted the enemy attack and the four Germans pulled up and began circling with the Mustangs. One German broke away and was pursued by another pair of Mustangs while Anderson and his wingman pursued the remaining three. He quickly downed two Me-109s and forced the other to run for home. His supporting element disposed of the other Me-109 and rejoined to continue escorting the bombers to their target.