The Marine Corps' first ace, Marion E. Carl, was awarded the Navy Cross for " extraordinary heroism" during his very first combat mission. Upon graduating from college in 1938, he was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Corps of Engineers. Due to his intense desire to be a flyer, Carl resigned his Army commission to enter the Marine aviation cadet program and received his wings in late 1939. While at sea with VMF-221 Squadron, his carrier was diverted to Midway Island the day following the attack on Pearl Harbor. By mid-1942, the island's total defensive air strength stood at a meager 100 aircraft, including 21 obsolete Brewster Buffaloes and seven F4F-3 Wildcat fighters.
At the start of the Battle of Midway on 4 June 1942, Captain Marion Carl flew one of the Grumman F4Fs on his first combat mission, scoring his first aerial victory and winning the Navy Cross. After Midway, he joined VMF-223 Squadron which, along with a dive bomber squadron, became the first echelon of Guadalcanal's Cactus Air Force. In less than 3 months of fighting over this bitterly contested island, Carl scored 15 1/2 aerial victories and won his second Navy Cross. Furthermore, TIME magazine wrote up an incident during which he bailed out of a crippled fighter over the water; he was eventually picked up by a friendly native in a canoe and returned to base 5 days later.
Marion Carl was finally withdrawn from combat in early 1944, finishing as the seventh ranking Marine Corps ace with 18 1/2 victories. Flying as a test pilot after the war, he was the first Marine aviator to operate a jet aircraft from a carrier and set both world speed and altitude records. He also commanded the first Marine jet squadron, led the first jet aerobatic team, became the first Marine helicopter pilot, and was the first pilot to wear a full pressure suit. His other assignments included leading air units in Vietnam and serving as Inspector General of the Marine Corps. Having accumulated 14,000 flying hours, Marion Carl retired as a major general in 1973.
On a windless, hot day at Muroc Army Air Field, Major Marion Carl wedged himself into a cockpit so small that he was unable to move his head more than 30 degrees or even wear a crash helmet. Taking off at 1130 on 25 August 1947, Carl made an 18-minute flight in the bright red Douglas D-558-1. He made four runs at an average altitude of 1,000 feet and set a new world's record of 650.6 mph. When asked how it felt to go 650 mph, Carl quipped, "One thing I can say for certain, you really feel like you're getting someplace. "